It is common knowledge throughout the automotive industry that friction is one of the major causes of in-efficiency in an engine. Friction causes an engine to have to work harder in order to rotate is moving parts... Just imagine driving while applying your brakes and how much more difficult it is to move.
All sorts of solutions have been invented and utilized in order to reduce friction within the moving parts of engines, from rollers on camshafts and rocker arms to synthetic oils.
Calcium is the second best metallic lubricant on the planet and is used in the best greases. It's also one of the major components of CA-40. The problem has been keeping the calcium suspended in the fuel without settling to the bottom of the tank... Until now.
CA-40 keeps calcium in suspension through a patented blending process. When CA-40 is added to gasoline or diesel, the calcium bonds to hydrocarbons within the fuel, causing it to burn more efficiently. What this means to consumers is increased fuel efficiency, increased lubricity, and a decrease in harmful emissions.
Unlike other additives, CA-40 is not a solvent. It is actually a combustion enhancer. Usually only about half of the hydrocarbons in fuel are burned in an internal combustion engine. Combustion enhancement is attained through further oxidation of the un-burnt hydrocarbons in the fuel.
There are three things that are needed in combustion: fuel, oxygen and ignition. CA-40 suspends within the hydrocarbons and further allows oxygen and fuel to be held together (fuel and oxygen). The third component of ignition is accomplished due to the thermo-electric and Piezo-electric properties of the calcium in CA-40. When combustion occurs in the engine, the heat and pressure causes the electrons in the calcium to accelerate. This acceleration provides the ignition (spark) in the proximity of the hydrocarbons resulting in further oxidation (burning) of the hydrocarbons. The end result is a longer, stronger push on the piston, causing an increase in horsepower (see Diesel Dyno test page).
CA-40 does not take fuel out of specifications:
CA-40 does not change Octane or Cetane, but uses it more efficiently. Independent testing indicated that CA-40 did not take gasoline or diesel out of specifications. Although it is not yet registered with the EPA for on-road use.
As stated above, calcium, a key ingredient in CA-40, is an outstanding lubricant. Tests in gasoline have indicated a 191% increase in lubricity, while ultra-low sulfur diesel tests have shown a 300% increase in lubricity when treated with CA-40 (see Diesel Fuel Lubricity and Gasoline Lubricity test pages).
Catalytic converters burn some of the hydrocarbons not burned in the engine, cleaning vehicle emissions. The problem is, the un-burnt hydrocarbons mean the engine isn't getting as much power out of the fuel as it could, and there are still hydrocarbons that aren't burned. With CA-40, more hydrocarbons are burned in the engine, and the catalytic converter burns all of the remaining hydrocarbons. Vehicles tested using fuel treated with CA-40 had ZERO un-burnt hydrocarbons at the tailpipe. Engines burning fuel treated with CA-40 have tested with a 50% reduction in Nitrogen Oxides (See Emissions test information page).